- Location: Southeast Asia
- Capital: Ha Noi
- Population: about 91.7 million
- Language: Vietnamese
The Socialist Republic of Vietnam, widely known as Vietnam, is not a strange name to the whole world. The country becomes a nation going places. Although this country is ravaged by a series of wars which causes serious damages, Vietnam in the eyes of the world is nice and peaceful. Vietnam is located in the eastern Indochina Peninsula in Southeast Asia, with Hanoi as its capital. With an area of 331,210 sq. kilometers, to the north of Vietnam is China, to the west is Laos and Cambodia, to the east is Gulf of Tonkin and East Sea, and to the south is Thailand Gulf. The land is a center of trading, cultural interaction, and even conflicts for centuries. It proves that Vietnam has an advantageous position in the region with long coastline and numerous attractions. Having a tropical climate, Vietnam is well known for from magnificent scenery and colorful hill tribes to wide terraced fields in Red River Delta and Mekong River Delta, to majestic mountains, and white sandy beaches. Vietnam, nowadays, is one of should-not-miss destinations in Asia.
Geography and Climate
Vietnam geography has for a long time owned precious benefits nowhere else could be found. Vietnam, officially called The Socialist Republic of Vietnam is situated on the eastern part of Indochina Peninsula in Southeast Asia. Whole Vietnam’s territory runs along the eastern coast of the peninsula, in which the mainland extends from the longitude 102°8’E to 109°27’E and between the latitude 8°27’N and 23°23’N. In addition, Vietnam also considers Paracel Islands and Spratly Islands as its territory. The S-shaped country has a north-to-south distance of 1,650 kilometers and is about 50 kilometers wide at the narrowest point. The country also has a land border with China (1,281 km), Laos (2,130 km), Cambodia (1,228 km) and a long coastline, adjacent to the Gulf of Tonkin, South China Sea and Gulf of Thailand. Located in the area of tropical monsoon climate with high humidity of over 80% all the year round, with the diversification in topography, three main regions of Vietnam stretch in different climate zones. The climate in Vietnam varies from North to South, from mountains to plains and coastal.
Language and Education
Vietnamese is the official language of Vietnam. About 85% of the population speaks Vietnamese as their mother tongue, while the minority ethnic people speak this language as their second language. As being spoken by a large number of native speakers, surpassing some other languages like Turkish and Italian, Vietnamese is regarded as one of the most important languages in the world. According to the world’s statistics, there are at least about 80 million people speaking Vietnamese all over the world, of course, in Vietnam, the figure is overwhelmed in Vietnam itself. Although some Vietnamese words are borrowed from Chinese words, Vietnamese language has its own features with Latin alphabet, or Vietnamese alphabet. Vietnamese education is in the progress of integration. There are four education levels in Vietnam: primary, secondary, high school, and university.
Traveling to Asia in general in Vietnam in particular becomes of great appeal to tourists from all over the world in recent time. Asia is no longer a hard place to go. A natural flow of travelers runs to the countries of Indochina, especially Vietnam. With several greatly important milestones in its history such as lifting of embargoes, economic reform and the opening door policy, Vietnam increasingly becomes a popular tourist destination in the region and in the world.